Up-to-date stem cell research and diabetes

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is an ongoing project and it is showing great promise.

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is an ongoing project and it is displaying excellent promise. The University of Pennsylvania currently is conducting clinical trials for a new surgery called Islet Cell Transplantation.

The new procedure consists of transplanting islet cells from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are the cells from the pancreas that secrete insulin. The method is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells have already been destroyed therefore no insulin is produced. These www.mecholesterol.com patients must be on insulin therapy throughout their lives. Considering that the cells are transplanted to the liver, the body right after the first transplant will give warning signs if the blood sugar is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics haven’t any warning and often just black out which may be hazardous when driving or performing other critical tasks.

Islet cell transplantation can not treat many cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a probable cure for the over 700,000 people in the United States who have Type 1 diabetes. But, currently there are not sufficient donors to go around with simply around 3,500 donor organs available during the past year. Most patients at present need 2 transplantations to get absolutely off insulin therapy.

The solution to this challenge is to make islets within the lab making use of stems cells. There is certainly research happening using questionable embryonic stem cells as well as stem cells taken from adults. But because of the ethical and political debate regarding stem cells this pathway to a cure is moving gradually. People who believe that life starts at conception firmly oppose embryonic stem cell research because the cells come from human embryos which are destroyed along the way. Embryonic stem cells haven’t matured into human cells and have the greatest potential to become any type of cells inside the human body, including hair, skin, blood, toenail and so forth.

Opponents to this research believe that adult stem cells taken from adult bone marrow is the solution to this issue. But you’ll find studies which raise questions about the ability of these cells as therapies.

A recently available published study reported that an intestinal hormone caused stem cells extracted from a pancreas to become islet cells that secrete insulin – these are called beta cells, there is however debate over this research and it has not had the opportunity to become reproduced.

Even though the research making use of stem cells is in its infant stages a lot of scientists feel that this research holds the most promise for achievement for diabetics to be able to stop taking insulin injection after their bodies start producing the hormone naturally.

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is surely an ongoing project and is showing great promise in the fight to find a cure for this chronic disease.