How does diabetes affect you? This is a question that people with diabetes often ask and is an extreme area of concern for diabetics. This is one of the questions that a diabetic has to be informed on after first growing to be newly diagnosed.
Diabetics have the most complications with their feet. This is brought on by nerve damage within the feet and also the thinning of blood vessels mecholesterol in the legs. These two issues may cause a tiny cut to be extremely infected and lead to gangrene of the foot. Gangrene can result in amputation on the foot or leg.
In case a patient has got nerve damage in a foot, they cannot be able to tell when they have one small cut or damage and an infection may start before it is even noticed. And with inadequate circulation, when there exists a cut or any damage, there is inadequate blood flowing to the foot to battle the problem.
If a diabetic have toes or feet that are blue or pale – these are symptoms of poor circulation. And in case a diabetic can feel numbness or tingling within their toes or feet, this is usually a manifestation of nerve damage. If a diabetic has any one of these symptoms they ought to consult with their physician immediately.
Prevention of foot problems is mastering proper foot self care consists of routinely washing and inspecting feet. Carefully inspect feet for small cuts, breaks within the skin, blisters, corns or calluses. Corns or calluses ought to be treated by a medical doctor or perhaps nursing staff. Small cuts ought to be given anti-biotic ointments.
Another subject of dilemma for diabetes are teeth and gums. Because of the issues with blood sugar, diabetics have got a higher than normal quantity of dental hygiene problems. This happens because the diabetes when not under control reduces the volume of white blood cells to combat microbe infections within the mouth.
There are lots of areas that create problems. One of these is the condition of dry mouth due to decreased saliva. This may cause tooth decay, mouth ulcers and also infections. Help for this problem can include things like chewing sugarless gum, having sugarless mints available, frequent sips of water or maybe melting ice chips in the mouth.
Another serious problem is gum disease typically referred to as gingivitis and periodontitis. This is due to less white blood cells to combat infections plus the thickening of blood vessels which slows down the blood circulation which carries nutrients towards the oral cavity and waste away from the mouth area. Gum disease is caused by microbe infections of the gums so these can cause gum disease to be much more severe and harder to control in people who suffer with diabetes. Self care consists of brushing at least two times daily as well as flossing daily.
Eye problems are another subject of concern for diabetics. Diabetic retinopathy can progress which can bring about bad vision and also blindness. This happens because the blood vessels behind the eyes get weak and can lead to blood and fluid leaking to the retina from these weakened blood vessels. So, it’s important for the diabetic to get frequent eye exams to have the blood vessels inside the eye examined.
How does diabetes affect you and how can these problems be prevented? The most effective way of prevention is daily monitoring of blood glucose levels and managing this level and also daily oral, foot as well as eye care.