Diabetes cure using stem cells is definitely an on-going project and is exhibiting excellent promise.
Diabetes cure using stem cells is surely an ongoing project and is showing great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is presently conducting clinical trials for a new surgery called Islet Cell Transplantation.
The new procedure involves transplanting islet cells coming from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are definitely the cells from the pancreas which secrete insulin. The process is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells are actually destroyed and so no diabetes park insulin is produced. These patients must be on insulin therapy for the rest of their lives. Since the cells are transplanted in the liver, the body right after the first transplant can give warning signs if the blood glucose is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics have no warning and frequently just blackout which may be harmful when driving or performing other critical tasks.
Islet cell transplantation can’t treat most instances of Type 2 diabetes but is a feasible cure for the over 700,000 people in the United States who have got Type 1 diabetes. But, presently there aren’t sufficient donors to go around with just around 3,500 donor organs available last year. Most patients presently need 2 transplantations to get totally off insulin therapy.
The answer to this issue will be to make islets within the lab using stems cells. There is currently research going on using debatable embryonic stem cells along with stem cells extracted from adults. But as a result of ethical and political debate with regards to stem cells this pathway to a cure is moving slowly. People who feel that life starts at conception strongly oppose embryonic stem cell research since the cells come from human embryos that are destroyed along the way. Embryonic stem cells have not aged into human cells and have the greatest potential to grow to be any type of cells in the body, such as hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.
Adversaries to this research believe adult stem cells taken from adult bone marrow is the answer to this problem. But there are studies which raise questions regarding the capability of these cells as therapies.
A recent published study claimed that an intestinal hormone caused stem cells taken from a pancreas to become islet cells that secrete insulin – these are called beta cells, there is however debate over these studies and it has not been able to be modelled.
Even though the research using stem cells is in its infant stages many scientists feel that this research supports the most promise for fulfillment for diabetics so that you can quit taking insulin injection after their own bodies start generating the hormone naturally.
Diabetes cure using stem cells is definitely an ongoing project and is exhibiting great promise in the fight to find a remedy for this chronic disease.