Current stem cell research and diabetes

Stem cell research and diabetes treatment is an ongoing project and is displaying great promise.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is an ongoing project and it is showing great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is presently conducting clinical studies for a new surgery referred to as Islet Cell Transplantation.

The newest procedure involves transplanting islet cells coming from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are definitely the cells from the pancreas that secrete insulin. The procedure is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells have been destroyed and thus no insulin is manufactured. These patients need to be on insulin therapy for the rest of their lives. Considering that the cells are transplanted to the liver, the body after the first transplant can provide warning signs if the blood sugar is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics don’t have any warning and frequently just black out that may be harmful when driving or performing other crucial tasks.

Islet cell transplantation cannot treat most cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a feasible remedy for the over 700,000 folks in the United States who have Type 1 diabetes. But, at present there are not sufficient donors to go around with only around 3,500 donor organs available a year ago. Most patients presently need 2 transplantations to get completely off insulin therapy.

The solution to this issue is to make islets within the lab making use of stems cells. There is certainly research happening using questionable embryonic stem cells and also stem cells extracted from adults. But due to the ethical and political debate concerning stem cells this pathway to a cure is moving slowly. People who feel that life starts at conception strongly oppose embryonic stem cell research as the cells come from human embryos that are destroyed along the way. Embryonic stem cells haven’t become full grown into human cells and also have the greatest potential to become any type of cells within the body, including hair, skin, blood, toenail and so forth.

Opponents to this research feel that adult stem cells obtained from adult bone marrow is the solution to this issue. But there are studies which raise queries about the capability of these cells as therapies.A recently available published study noted that an intestinal hormone brought on stem cells obtained from a pancreas to be islet cells that secrete insulin – these are typically called beta cells, but there is debate over this research and it has not been able to get reproduced.

Even though the research utilizing stem cells is in its infant stages many scientists believe that this research supports the most promise for fulfillment for diabetics in order to quit taking insulin injection after their bodies start generating the hormone naturally.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is surely an ongoing project and is exhibiting great promise in the struggle to discover a cure for this chronic disease.